Injury to the tendon of the long head of the biceps.


This tendon runs vertically along the front of the arm; Its damage is manifested by pain in this area, especially during movements with the bent elbow. The tenosynovitis of this tendon occurs in the case of mechanical damage, as well as as a result of various inflammatory diseases of the joints.

The frozen shoulder is caused by a reduction in the compliance of the shoulder joint capsule, which makes it impossible to perform the full range of movements (mainly abduction and rotation, e.g. when trying to brush or scratch the back). The feeling of stiffening of the joint dominates, although pain may also occur. The formation of a frozen shoulder (aka obliterating capsular inflammation) may occur as a result of damage to the rotator cuff (most often) or from other reasons (also not related to the shoulder joint, e.g. as a result of a heart attack).

Most often, the symptoms gradually disappear, usually within 6–18 months. The mainstay of treatment is proper exercise, sometimes it is necessary to perform steroid injections, as well as the use of NSAIDs and other medications. Inflammatory diseases of the joints. Inflammation of the shoulder joint can be one of the symptoms of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and gout.

This causes an overgrowth of the synovial lining of the joint and often an accumulation of fluid inside the joint. As a rule, it is accompanied by other symptoms of the disease and diagnosis is not problematic. If the joint is very warm and there is a fever, exclude joint infection (especially if a joint puncture or


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