The shoulder joint is one of the most extensive joints in the human body.


It consists of: the humerus, scapula, collarbone and sternum, which are surrounded by ligaments, muscles, tendons and bursae. This arrangement guarantees shoulder stabilization and freedom of movement. A very important part of the shoulder joint are the rotators located around the shoulder-scapular joint.

If you want to learn more about the anatomy of the shoulder joint read: Shoulder Joint – Everything You Should Know About It. Shoulder pain – the most common accompanying symptoms Shoulder pain is not a disease, but a symptom of an illness or injury. Although this is a symptom, this condition may be accompanied by other additional symptoms.

Shoulder pain can be triggered by various factors, it is important to pay attention to any accompanying symptoms. Shoulder pain can often be accompanied by symptoms such as: pain tenderness and limitation of the range of shoulder mobility – there is also a complete blockage of the shoulder; muscle weakness; clearly audible cracks and shoulder crunches during movement; neurological complaints in the form of shoulder pain radiating to: hand and neck, elbow and wrist; shoulder pain; shoulder pain when moving your arm up or down.

The above symptoms are one of the signals that the patient’s condition requires in-depth diagnostics to determine what is the cause of shoulder pain. How is the shoulder joint built and what is worth knowing about it? Read: Shoulder joint -its structure and injuries

Due to the structure and location, shoulder injuries are very common, especially for people who practice sports that involve the upper limbs. Shoulder pain is therefore considered to be a common phenomenon.

scapulo-thoracic joint – it is a joint that consists of soft tissues that move towards each other between the chest wall and the scapula. Characteristic for this joint is that it does not have articular surfaces and articular cartilage. This joint plays a very important role in the musculoskeletal system because it is responsible for the range of abduction and flexion motion in the shoulder joint;

sub-shoulder pond – also known as the sub-shoulder space. This is the space between the head of the humerus and the shoulder process of the scapula. Like the scapulo-thoracic joint, the subcapular joint lacks articular cartilage and articular surfaces;

soft tissues – trapezius muscle, deltoid muscle, subcapsular muscle and triceps, i.e. the triceps muscle.

Ailments and injuries that are the direct cause of shoulder pain will be described in the following paragraphs, and include:

  • sub-brachial isthmus syndrome (also called sub-brachial tightness syndrome);
  • damage to the rotator cuff;
  • damage to the tendon of the long head of the biceps;
  • frozen shoulder;
  • inflammatory diseases of the joints;
  • painful shoulder syndrome.


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