With a frozen shoulder, the joint becomes so tight and rigid that it is almost impossible to perform simple movements, such as lifting the arm. People complain that stiffness and discomfort worsen at night. A doctor may suspect that the patient has a frozen shoulder if a physical examination reveals limited shoulder movement. An arthrogram can confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of frozen shoulder
Treatment of frozen shoulder focuses on restoring joint movements and reducing shoulder pain. Usually, treatment begins with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the application of heat, followed by light stretching exercises. These stretching exercises, which can be performed at home with the help of a therapist, are the treatment of your choice.
In some cases, stimulation of the transcutaneous electrical nerve (TENS) with a small battery unit can be used to reduce pain by blocking nerve impulses. If these measures fail, the doctor may recommend handling the shoulder under general anesthesia. Surgery for cutting adhesions is necessary only in some cases.
Signs and diagnosis of shoulder fracture
A fracture involves a partial or total crack through a bone. Breaking a bone usually occurs as a result of an impact injury, such as a fall or a blow to the shoulder. A fracture usually involves the clavicle or neck (area under the ball) of the humerus.
A shoulder fracture that occurs after a major injury is usually accompanied by severe pain. In a short time, redness and bruising may appear in the area. Sometimes a fracture is obvious, because the bones appear out of position. Both the diagnosis and the severity can be confirmed by X-ray.
Treatment of shoulder fracture
When a fracture occurs, the doctor tries to bring the bones into a position that promotes healing and restores movement of the arm. If the clavicle is fractured, the patient should at first wear a belt and a belt around the chest to keep the clavicle in place. After removing the strap and strap, the doctor will prescribe exercises to strengthen the shoulder and restore movement. Surgery is occasionally required for certain clavicle fractures.
Fracture of the neck of the humerus is usually treated with a bandage or shoulder immobilizer. If the bones are displaced, surgery may be required to reset them. Exercises are also part of restoring strength and movement of the shoulders.