Painful shoulder syndrome – causes, symptoms, treatment


Painful shoulder syndrome (ZBB) is a common condition that limits the function of the shoulder – it impairs its mobility, while causing severe pain in the patient. This disease has many causes, in order to be able to effectively treat its symptoms, you must first determine the specific source of the troublesome symptoms. Only an accurate diagnosis can make the patient receive real help from the doctor and feel relief. What causes painful shoulder syndrome? What are the main symptoms of this disease and can it be prevented in some way?

What is Painful Shoulder Syndrome and what causes it?

Painful shoulder syndrome, also known as Duplay’s disease and brachalgia, includes degenerative changes in the shoulder joint. This condition is most often diagnosed in patients aged 45-55 (it affects women much more often). What are the common causes of shoulder pain syndrome? What leads to excessive and premature wear of the soft tissues around the shoulder joint? There can be many causes of this condition.

Sometimes the disease occurs after a mechanical injury to the shoulder, e.g. in connection with a fracture, sprain or soft tissue burns. ZBB can also be the result of incorrectly performed physical exercises (painful shoulder syndrome is often diagnosed in athletes: volleyball players, swimmers, tennis players). Long-term lack of exercise, significant overload, or the coexistence of rheumatic and neurological diseases, as well as lung and heart diseases, also contribute to the development of the disease. Brachialgia may be the result of calcium deposits in the muscle tendons.

Painful shoulder syndrome – symptoms

How is painful shoulder syndrome (CBB) manifested? Patients struggling with this condition complain of pain in the shoulder joint and limited mobility in this joint (patients have a problem with shoulder abduction), which are typical symptoms of the disease. Very often the pain worsens at night, waking patients up from sleep – they also have problems sleeping on the side (in fact, this position is practically impossible).

Initially, the pain is minor, which makes many people downplay it – with time it grows stronger, making it difficult to perform ordinary, everyday activities (e.g. dressing, brushing, cleaning or cooking). In the event of an injury, the pain is sharp and stinging. Other symptoms that some patients observe are muscle weakness, muscle tension and visible swelling of the shoulder joint. In the advanced stage of the disease (especially in people who have not taken appropriate treatment attempts), the shoulder joint becomes stiff.


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